Comparing Full Stack V/S MEAN Stack approach

Posted by Rukmi Patel | April 9, 2019

The web and mobile app development services have stepped up to next level in last 5 years. Web and apps are all built utilizing a ‘stack’ of various technologies like MEAN Stack, MERN Stack, LAMP Stack etc.

Because of invention of so many languages in web and mobile development, it is advisable to understand and choose right language, framework and technology before starting a development.

What is ” Stack”?

Before going further, it is essential to understand what “Stack” stands for? A “Stack” refers to any combination of programming languages and technologies used to develop a project. For example, MEAN stack is a acronym of MongoDB as database, Express.js as server, Angular.js as frontend technology and Node.js as a server side scripting language.


Comparing Two Popular Web Development Approaches: Full Stack vs. MEAN Stack

Unlike MEAN, Full Stack is not a acronym of any web technology or development language. On the other hand, MEAN stack is combination of 4 core components – MongoDB, Express.js, Angular.js, and Node.js.

With inception of Node.js, it has enabled programmers to execute JavaScript code on server which supports asynchronous programming. Hence, it becomes easier for programmers to write both server side and client side code in JavaScript. Express.js is a server-side web framework developed based on node.js which comes with features to simplify server-side web development.


1) Client-Side Technologies

Most of the web designers are using responsive web design while building websites to support multiple devices including desktop, tablets and mobile devices with single code base. To develop responsive web designs, designers have to build interface using HTML, CSS and JavaScript. Both MEAN and Full stack allows developers to build interface with it. MEAN further facilitates developers to avail widely used frontend development framework called Angular.js.

2) Server-Side Technologies

As we said earlier, node.js has enabled developers to write server side code in JavaScript, many developers have opted MEAN just because it facilitates developers to write server as well as client side code in JavaScript. But the developers must remember that JavaScript still lacks some of the robust features provided by other widely used server-side programming languages.

Full stack, unlike MEAN stack, enables programmers to take advantage of robust server-side programming languages like Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, and C#.

3) Databases

In MEAN Stack, developers has to work with only single database – Mongo DB. Mongo DB is non-rational database and does not store records in tables but creates documents for each record. Many web developers nowadays prefer MongoDB because of scalability and security it provides over rational databases. Full stack web development, on the other hand, allows developers to work with an array of relational and non-relational databases like MySQL, SQL Server, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQLite.

4) Web Frameworks

MEAN stack consists of frontend and backend web frameworks. It enables developers to accelerate client side web development by leveraging Angular.js and server-side development by leveraging Node.js and Express.js. On contrary, full stack development approach enables programmers to work with varied frontend and backend web frameworks. The developers even have option to choose from a wide range of full-stack web frameworks according to their choice of programming language and precise project needs.



On the whole, full-stack web development enables enterprises to get the frontend and backend of the website developed with the same developers. MEAN stack simplifies and accelerates full-stack development by allowing programmers to write both client-side and server-side code in JavaScript. But MEAN stack does not allow programmers to use robust server-side programming language and full-stack web development frameworks.

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